He gives as his reason that if Socrates refuses to escape and is then put to death, Crito will not only have lost a true friend who can never be replaced, but he will also be censured by many persons who will accuse him of failure to do what he could in order to save the life of a friend. Socrates never wrote anything. The life of Socrates. To return evil for evil may be in harmony with the morality of the many, but as he has indicated before, public opinion when not supported by good reasons is never a safe guide to follow. This might seem at first to be a strange thing for Socrates to do in view of all that he has said concerning the shallowness of the opinions of the many. Laert. Those who were known to have aided him in making his escape would be driven into exile or lose their property and be deprived of citizenship. By living in the state for these many years and accepting the benefits it has provided, he has indicated a willingness to accept its laws and regulations and to abide by the decisions of its courts, regardless of what those decisions might be. His teaching in this respect is imparted as much by his example as by anything he says. His argument is based on the fact that he is a citizen of the state, having been born, nourished, and educated within its borders. Our main source of what we know about Socrates is from the writings of his student, Plato.Some of Plato's dialogues, such as the Crito and the Phaedo, are loosely based on fact.They are not written … However, the mission is expected back in the next day or so. Socrates tries to use REASON (rather than the values embedded in his culture) to determine whether an action is … According to one view, its purpose was to serve as a corrective measure that would be of benefit to the criminal by helping him to overcome his evil tendencies. If Socrates should follow the advice of Crito and escape from prison, the Laws might complain that he is breaking the contract that he made with them. It is true that they may injure one's body and may even be the cause of one's physical death but they have no power over his soul, which is what really matters. He cannot do this without going back on the principles for which he has stood throughout his entire life. It is this appeal that Socrates finds ringing in his ears. The basis for the remarks that follow is the "social contract" that exists between the individual citizen and the society to which that citizen belongs. His whole life exhibits a distinctive integrity, and he is determined that it will stay that way to the very end, even if it means staying in prison until his death, Emrys Westacott is a professor of philosophy at Alfred University. This has always been his approach, and he is not going to abandon it just because his circumstances have changed. By setting forth an argument appealing to rational reflection rather than emotional response, the character of Socrates explains the ramifications and justifications of a prison escape for the two friends. He is who he is: a philosopher engaged in the pursuit of truth and the cultivation of virtue. bookmarked pages associated with this title. from your Reading List will also remove any Are we not right in saying that you agreed to be governed according to us in deed, and not in word only?". It was his conviction that the element in each individual in which wickedness and righteousness have their seat is far more precious than the physical body. Obviously, it is the opinion of the one person who possesses the necessary relevant information that should be followed. . Socrates is not concerned about the opinion of the majority, for it is capable of neither the greatest evil nor the greatest good. If he goes to neighboring cities, he will be looked upon by all honest citizens as an enemy. conversation that may have been held during such a visit. He then tells Crito to speak if he has anything to say in reply to what has been said. Whatever it does is largely a matter of chance. In reply to what Crito has been saying, Socrates expresses his appreciation for the friendship and goodwill that have been displayed and for the zeal that has been manifested in their presentation. Crito, along with other friends of Socrates, believes he would be amply justified in breaking this law, and a number of arguments are presented in support of that belief. To answer this question, Socrates suggests an analogous situation. But, in this case, he will attempt to relate not simply what they might say but rather what they would have a right to say in the event that he escaped. Plato wrote down from memory Socrates' "Dialogues". Of all Athenians you have been the most constant resident in the city, which, as you never leave, you may be supposed to love . Socrates is not disturbed by this fact, for he believes that death is not necessarily an evil thing. Socrates has been spared so far because Athens does not carry out executions while the annual mission it sends to Delos to commemorate Theseus' legendary victory over the minotaur is still away. Their understanding was not sufficient to enable them to determine if Socrates was really a corrupter of the youth. and any corresponding bookmarks? It is set out in four parts - Euthyphro, The Apology, Crito, and Phaedo. Although Socrates lived and died several centuries before the Christian era, his position in this respect was similar to what later came to be known as the Christian view, which forbids one to overcome evil with evil but states rather that evil should be overcome with good. Download: A 28k text-only version is … It will be supposed by those who are not familiar with the facts that Crito could have purchased the freedom of his friend by paying a certain amount of money but that he refused to do so. At this point, Crito pleads with Socrates to take his advice and escape from prison. SOCRATES: I wonder that the warder paid any attention to you. The Count of Monte Cristo (French: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel written by French author Alexandre Dumas (père) completed in 1844.It is one of the author's more popular works, along with The Three Musketeers.Like many of his novels, it was expanded from plot outlines suggested by his collaborating … It does not contain any additional argument to what has been said before, but it is designed to produce a mood of feeling that is appropriate for an elevation of the ethical demands of conscience. According to Diogenes Laertius (3rd c. AD), the role of persuader may originally have been filled by another of S.’s associates, Aeschines of Sphettus, who may have written a dialogue on the subject (Diog. The other considerations that Crito has mentioned, such as money, the loss of a good reputation, and the duty of educating one's children, are only the doctrines of the multitude. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. What was Socrates doing when Crito … that depicts a conversation between Socrates and his rich friend Crito in a prison cell in Athens in the year 399 B.C.E. Socrates, therefore, constructs an argument for the morality of escaping by saying that first, one is never justified in doing what is morally wrong, even in self-defense or in retaliation for an injury or injustice suffered. Socrates friends will appear in a bad light in the eyes of the many Socrates emphasized the point that the soul is made better by doing what is right and is made worse by doing what is wrong. Analysis of Plato's Crito The life of Socrates provides one example of a someone who seeks a justification for his or her moral actions. To do otherwise would mean a repudiation of the system of law and order that makes living in a civilized society possible. Crito is of the opinion that it would not be wrong for Socrates to escape because he has been imprisoned unjustly. 4. Who are the characters within the Crito? The argument that those who benefit from the state and its laws have a duty to respect those laws even when doing so seems against their immediate self-interest is cogent, easy to grasp and is probably still accepted by most people today. Crito by Plato, part of the Internet Classics Archive. The dawn is just beginning to break, and Socrates has been sleeping soundly throughout the night. The setting for Plato's dialog "Crito" is Socrates' prison cell in Athens in 399 B.C.E. Note: There are no breaks in the Crito as Plato wrote it. 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