Hydraulic action The force of the water breaks rock particles away from the river channel/cliff. Class 8 Geography Ch 2-Short Notes- Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources. Within Brazil, the Amazon Basin is in seven states and is, as its name implies, home to the world-acclaimed Amazon River. (1990) Write a short note: Polycyclic landforms. Fast flowing, small rivers cut part the rocky coastal strip. The 6 Inland National Waterways of India India has a large network of water bodies in the form of rivers, Lakes, Canals and backwaters. It is navigable for its entire 2,000-mile trip within Brazil. Over two-thirds of the basin lies in Brazil, while the rest is split between Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela. 7. In November of 2013, the government of Brazil ordered the removal of a Canadian-based gold mining project, Belo Sun Mining, along Brazil’s Xingu River. Names, direction, nature....and what not! coast and in a river. (1991) Analyze the sequential development of landforms in either Karst or Coastal region. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The most impressive river system is that of the Amazon and its tributaries, ranked the largest in the world based on the volume of water it drains. Rio de Janeiro is the largest coastal city in Brazil. As the string of islands that make up the Caribbean ends, the northern coast of Brazil begins, and continues for a staggering 7,491 kilometers (4,655 miles) south until the border with Uruguay. Over two-thirds of the basin lies in Brazil, while the rest is split between Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela. Brazil is no exception. The water divide occurs at Western Ghats along western coast. In addition, this basin has the largest production capacity and demand of energy in the entire country. Within this main basin are several smaller basins, and the entire basin covers an area of 287 348 square kilometres. Large rivers such as the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri have formed extensive delta on this coast. This is so because of the fact that the western coast is very close to the western ghats from where arise most of the peninsular rivers. Download Coastal Plains in India notes PDF. 9. Araguaia-Tocantins BasinThis basin covers 967 059 square kilometres, which is equivalent to more than 10% of the entire country. It is also found in Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. There are also plenty of affordable flights if you book early, although they will still be pricier than traveling by road. Coastal plains - definition. 5. Here, the water usage is particularly high because of the lack of suitable drainage and irrigation methods. The Islands. The Amazon is the world’s second longest river, after the Nile in Egypt. Basin of São FranciscoCovering seven Brazilian states, this basin is the site of important historical events, making it particularly relevant to the social and cultural identity of Brazil. From the Amazon basin in the north and west to the Brazilian Highlands in the southeast, Brazil's topography is quite diverse. The Amazon’s distant source was for a long time thought to be the headwaters of Apurimac River but further studies have indicated that the Cordillera Rumi Cruz. The most impressive river system is that of the Amazon and its tributaries, ranked the largest in the world based on the volume of water it drains. The highest waterfall … The coast is popular for the serene backwaters. Brazil is a large country with abundant water resources. 3 Scientists estimate that a global sea–level rise of around 2.6 feet (80 centimeters) is likely by 2100—and that as much as 6.6 feet (2 meters) is possible. The coastal plains in India are along the west and east of the country extending up to 7516.6 km. They are - waves, tides and ocean currents. Corrosion/Solution River/sea dissolves some types of rock Land, a natural resource, covers 30% of the earth’s surface, all parts of which are not habitable. The length of the Amazon River is approximately 6400 kilometres. The Western Coastal Plains is a thin strip of coastal plain with a width of 50 km between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats. The Amazon River is located in South America. ; These rivers make deltas at their mouths. Instead, a series of islands developed along the mouth of Amazon beyond the coastline into the Atlantic Ocean can be found. Pernambuco coastal forests is a tropical moist forest covering an 80-km strip along the northeast coast of Brazil. It is an emergent coastal plain, hence has less number of ports and harbours. Waterways are an important means of transport and a vital source of irrigation and hydropower in many countries. As the home of the acclaimed Amazon Rainforest, as well as the Brazilian Highlands and vast stretches of coastline, this South American country continues to impress visitors in its natural splendour and complexity. The rivers of the western coast of india are indeed very short and swift. Coordinates. 2. This basin is responsible for a vast proportion of the agribusiness in the region. Eastern Northeast Atlantic BasinThis basin has no large rivers and is, therefore, susceptible to droughts. This is a list of rivers of Brazil State river lists. During the wet season, the Amazon River can reach over 190 kilometres in width The Peninsular rivers. 4. Information was not check the site moderator! How to travel the coast of Brazil. It is divided into three sections - the Konkan in the north; the Kannada plain in the central part; and the Malabar coast in the south. The uneven distribution of population on Earth is mainly due to variation of land and climate. Well, you might have heard so many names like Kuroshio current, Oyashio current, Peru current etc. The second largest river basin in Brazil is that of the Parana, which flows south between Argentina and Uruguay to empty into the Rio de la Plata estuary. 2. In Santa Catarina, the only two large rivers that contribute to this basin are the Itajaí and Capivari, while the remaining ones are all relatively small. It has the largest economic development of the country and is extensive enough to reach just less than one-third of the Brazilian population. The Indian rivers are divided into two major groups: 1. Part of the basin falls in poverty-stricken areas. The coastal plains alongside the Bay of Bengal are very extensive and also differ from the plains in the western strip. The Iguazu river runs through the Iguazu national park and is home to many different types of species of fishes, including one-third of … 3. Having covered the fundamentals, we shall see in this post, a super-fast way to learn the details of ocean currents. Brazil has an amazing public transportation network, with very high-quality buses and coaches traveling all over the country 24/7. Lake Chilika is an important feature along the eastern coast. For more information, please view: Brazil Rivers Wiki. The first inhabitants of Brazil were native indigenous “Indians” (“indios’’ in Portuguese) who lived mainly on the coast and alongside rivers in tribes. Below is a look at some of the native fish species of Brazil. Southeast Atlantic BasinBeing the industrial and financial epicentre of Brazil, this area is also the most densely populated. Western North Atlantic BasinThis basin comprises five rivers and the coast of Maranhão and is situated in the state of the same name. Its major tributary, the Tocantins, joins the Amazon near its mouth. Additionally, Brazil has a long Atlantic coastline. It has a total area of 254 100 square kilometres. However, these water resources are not homogeneously distributed by the Brazilian territory. The north of Brazil (i.e., the Amazon region) concentrates the majority of the water resources, although it is the least populated area in Brazil. But very little is known about the history of Brazilbefore the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500, as the tribes tended to be semi-nomadic with no permanent buildings and no written records. North and South America were named after Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci. A considerable number of geographical features can be … Paraguay River BasinThis basin is an impressive 1 095 000 square kilometres in area, covering Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil. This large area of water includes the Amazon River, 6 other major rivers, and various lakes, which can be found across the country. Brazil’s two southernmost states are drained through the Uruguay River, which also flows into the Río de la Plata. Read more on the types and significance of Indian Coastlines. Paraná BasinThe Paraná Basin, fed by the river of the same name, is a very important natural resource for Brazil. The western coastal plains lie … Eastern Coastal Plain – extends along the Bay of Bengal. It covers the states of Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, Mina Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná and has a total area of 229 972 square kilometres. Native Fish Species of Brazil The Amazon River is the world’s second longest river, and the largest by the volume of water it discharges. The Himalayan rivers; and 2. 6. The largest lakes are, Wedding traditions of the different countries. Lakshadweep Islands group lying close to the Malabar coast of Kerala. 2. The Eastern Coast has well-developed deltas in Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri. The largest city is Sao Paulo, Brazil, which is also one of the ten largest cities in the world. The main water divide in Peninsular India is formed by the Western Ghats, which runs from north to south close to the western coast. There are numerous small streams flowing west of the Western Ghats. The rivers in Western Coast do NOT form DELTA. It has a total area of 374 677 square kilometres and has as its main rivers the Contas, Salinas, Pardo and Mucuri. The Amazon is the world’s second longest river, after the Nile in Egypt. The Iguazu River is a major Brazilian River that originates in Serra Do Mar coastal mountains of Parana province of Brazil. Its major tributary, the Tocantins, joins the Amazon near its mouth. This group of … Eroded rocks rub against the channel/thrown against the cliff Attrition Eroded rocks picked up by the river/waves smash into each other. Brazil has a dense and complex system of rivers. A dense network of distributaries, which is a characteristic feature of river mouth areas, is by and large absent in the mouth region of Amazon. The Amazon River system carries more water to the ocean than any other river system in the world. (1990) Analyze the differences in the models of slope evolution proposed by Davis and Penk. Amazon River discharges an average of 209,000 cubic meters of water per second, greater than a combined discharge for the next seven rivers in the country. The Indigenous People are Effected by the Mining in Brazil Gold mining in Brazil negatively impacts the indigenous peoples by violating treaty rights and cultural heritage. The coastline of Brazil measures 7,491 km, which makes it the 16th longest national coastline of the world. Most of the course of the Amazon river is suitable for navigation. Amazon BasinThis is the most extensive river system in the world, according to many scientists. Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil; Brazilian Portuguese: ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the sixth most populous. These numerous habitats are home to a wide number of fish species. The Araguaia River is 2 600 kilometres long and is home to the world’s largest river island, Bananal, which is 350 kilometres long and 80 kilometres wide. Some 3.7 million people, 2 live in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, on Brazil's northeast Atlantic coast, and many of them have homes near the coast. 11. They are narrow coastal strips, running along the Arabian Sea in the west and Bay of Bengal in the east. It comprises 99 constant tributaries and 69 intermittent ones and plays an integral role in the production of hydropower. It is divided into the Pantanal Basin and the Planalto Basin. Ques.5: Write a short note on the Coastal Plains of India. And, due to its many rivers and basins, combined with its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, this South American country is very dependent on its network of rivers that wind their ways across, over and through the magnificent terrain. Ans.5: The coastal plains are one of the major physiographic divisions of India. Complete list of Brazil Rivers; Alphabetical list of rivers in Brazil. The Alto Paraná and Paraguay rivers unite southwest of Brazil, on the Argentina-Paraguay border, to form the Paraná proper, which eventually reaches the sea through the Río de la Plata estuary. Except Narmada and Tapi, most rivers flow from west to east into Bay of Bengal. The principal river of the eastern plateau region, the, Most of Brazil’s large lakes are created by dams constructed to produce hydroelectric power or to provide water for irrigation. A sunset on the Amazon River. Rio Grande do Sul, however, has more large rivers. Brazil has a dense and complex system of rivers. This area is considered one of the more distinctive centers of endemism in South America. ABSTRACT: "These papers were presented at Coastal Zone '89 the Sixth Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management held in Charleston, SC, July 11-14, 1979. LAND . ; Most of the major rivers of the Peninsula flow eastwards and drain into the Bay of Bengal. Key Facts. The Tocantins River is 1 960 kilometres long. The Peninsular rivers of India are older than the Himalayan rivers. It runs through Guyana, Ecuador, Venezuela, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Peru. All the coast lies adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean. Parnaiba BasinThe Parnaiba Basin is split between Piauí, Maranhão and Ceará, with a total area of 344 112 square kilometres. As with many South American countries, the history of Brazil begins with indigenous people, and dates back over 10,000 years. Booking buses are relatively easy. Brazil - Brazil - Climate: Brazil has a humid tropical and subtropical climate except for a drier area in the Northeast, sometimes called the drought quadrilateral or drought polygon, that extends from northern Bahia to the coast between Natal and São Luís; that zone receives about 15–30 inches (375–750 mm) of precipitation a year. Within Brazil, the Amazon Basin is in seven states and is, as its name implies, home to the world-acclaimed Amazon River. It has a total area of 7 008 370 square kilometres. 12. The largest South American country in both size and population is Brazil. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}). This volume is a part of a series of volumes on Coastlines of the World. 10. In our geography notes on the hydrosphere, we have seen the major movements of the ocean water. Another unique characteristic is that this basin includes a variety of water bodies, including streams, creeks and rivers. Its major rivers are the Paraíba do Sul and the Doce. 8. For UPSC 2020 preparation, follow BYJU'S. Write a short note on Plate tectonics in about 200 words. Corrasion/Abrasion wearing it away. List of rivers of Brazil. The Paraiba and Acaraú rivers are two of its most notable. Map showing the major drainage basins of Brazil. It is broader than the western counterpart. Eastern Atlantic BasinWith a reach of 526 Brazilian cities and centres, this basin certainly is an important one. Within Brazil, the basin covers the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, with a total area of 385 000 square kilometres. It drains much of the Southeast, South, and Center-west. The climate is tropical and the four-strata vegetation provides for a high level of biodiversity. Here, the gorgeous coast becomes more rugged, which places Brazil in the perfect little pocket for picturesque beaches and beautiful coastal towns. Brazil is divided into the following hydrographical regions: 1. 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